Faisal M. Al-Hababi

Abstract

Relations between states are governed by a set of rules, which stem from international law embodied in treaties and customary law. When a state violates its international obligations, it may result in a legal liability provided that certain conditions are satisfied. Therefore, state responsibility is established when a state commits an internationally wrongful act that causes damage to another state. As a result, the latter receives compensation for the damage it has suffered from the responsible state’s acts.


The world is experiencing a global health crisis from the Covid-19 virus, which led to the adoption of emergency laws by states that restricted some human rights guaranteed by international law. Contractual and legal obligations stemming from treaties concluded between states suspended as well. It raises ramifications of international law violations committed due to public health exigencies. The extent to which measures taken by states to combat the virus violate international law is however unclear.


This article reviews provisions of state responsibility; and examines the legality of actions taken by states to combat the pandemic. In addition, an analysis given on whether the Covid-19 pandemic can be classified as a circumstance precluding wrongfulness under the Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts of 2001.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

International Law
State Responsibility
Human Rights
Law of Treaties
Covid-19 Pandemic

References
Ademola Abass, International Law: Text, Cases, and Materials, Oxford Uni. Press, 2013.
Cucinotta, Domenico & Maurizio Vanelli, "WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic," Acta Biomed (2020).
Deb, Pragyan, D. Furceri, J. Ostry and N. Tawk. "The Effects of Containment Measures on the COVID-19 Pandemic," Covid Economics 19, (2020).
Feldwisch-Drentrup, Hinnerk. "How WHO Became China’s Coronavirus Accomplice," Forein Policy (2020). Available at https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/04/02/china-coronavirus-who-health-soft-power, accessed 12/4/2021.
Lissitzyn, O. J. "The Treatment of Aerial Intruders in Recent Practice and International Law," American of International Law, 47(4), (1953).
Liu Wei & Xiao-Guang Yue & Paul Tchounwou. "Response to the COVID-19 Epidemic: The Chinese Experience and Implications for Other Countries," International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2020).
Paddeu,Fedrica. "COVID-19 and Defences in the Law of State Responsibility," Part I, European Journal of International Law (2020), available at https://www.ejiltalk.org/covid-19-and-defences-in-the-law-of-state-responsibility-part-i, accessed 2/1/2021.
Paparinskis, Martins. "COVID-19 Claims and the Law of International Responsibility," Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies 11, (2020).
Pleadings, I.C.J. Aerial Incident of 27/7/1955.

******************************************************************************************************

Al-khalāyla y., al-ʿanānī I. Mabādiʾ alqānūn aldawlī alʿām (in Arabic), 2nd ed., kuliyat al-qānūn, Jāmiʿat Qaṭar, Dawḥa 2019.
Alṭāeī ʿA., "Alqawāʿid al-āmira fi al-qānūn al-dawlī", (in Arabic), majala jāmiʿat alshāriqa, 2018.
ʿAmir S., Muqadimat lidirāsai alqānūn aldawlī, dār al-nahḍa alʿarabiya, Alqāhira, 2003.
Kurfūrd j., masūliya al-duwal ʿan alafʿāl ghayr almashrūʿa dawliyā (in Arabic), maktabat al-umam almutaḥida": https://legal.un.org/avl/pdf/ha/rsiwa/rsiwa_a.pdf
Malandī M., Alḥamūdī M. Alqānūn aldawlī alʿām (in Arabic), Al-jāmiʿa al-iftirāḍiya al-sūriya, 2018

******************************************************************************************************

«استجابات متكاملة على صعيد السياسات لجهود مكافحة فيروس كورونا المستجد»، البنك الدولي للإنشاء والتعمير، 2020، تاريخ الزيارة: 13/04/2021، https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/33770/147785AR.pdf?sequence=16&isAllowed=y
الخلايلة، ياسر والعناني إبراهيم. مبادئ القانون الدولي العام، ط2، كلية القانون جامعة قطر، الدوحة، 2019.
الطائي، عمار. «القواعد الآمرة في القانون الدولي»، مجلة جامعة الشارقة، 2018.
عامر، صلاح الدين. مقدمة لدراسة القانون الدولي، دار النهضة العربية للنشر والتوزيع، القاهرة، 2003.
كرفورد، جيمس. مسؤولية الدول عن الأفعال غير المشروعة دوليًا، مكتبة الأمم المتحدة الصوتية المرئية للقانون الدولي، 2017. تاريخ الزيارة: 11/12/2020، https://legal.un.org/avl/pdf/ha/rsiwa/rsiwa_a.pdf
ملندي، ماهر والحمودي، ماجد. القانون الدولي العام، الجامعة الافتراضية السورية، 2018.
منظمة العفو الدولية، دليل المحاكمة العادلة: الطبعة الثانية، لندن، 2014، تاريخ الزيارة: 18/10/2020، https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/8000/pol300022014ar.pdf
How to Cite
Al-Hababi ف. ب. م. . (2022). Provisions of State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts during a Pandemic. International Review of Law, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.29117/irl.2021.0192
Section
Articles in Arabic