The impact of the blockade in creating and strengthening dominant positions that may violate the competition law in Qatar


Hetham Abu Karky , Basem M. Melhem


The features of the effects of the blockade imposed by some countries on the State of Qatar have begun to show. One of these effects is the results of the land, sea and air blockade from the disruption of the flow of goods and products to the State of Qatar in order to disrupt the markets, unload them of products, and spread panic among citizens and residents. Undoubtedly, the cessation of the transaction of goods and products “from” and “through” the blockading states may contribute to reducing the resources received by the Qatari market and will reduce the chances of competition. This will lead to creating or strengthening the presumptions of establishing dominant positions that may be contrary to the competition law if these dominant positions were abused. Thus, the fundamental role played by the blockade in creating and strengthening dominant positions must be clarified, while highlighting the role to be taken by the competition authorities in the State of Qatar to prevent the misuse of these positions in contravention of the Qatari law of Protection of Competition and Prevention of Monopolistic Practices.



State of Qatar
Dominant positions

Articles in Arabic

بيانات وزارة التخطيط التنموي والإحصاء القطرية، (2016)،

Bahrain – Measures Relating to Trade in Goods and Services, and Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Request for Consultations by Qatar G/L/1181 IP/D/36 S/L/416 WT/DS527/1, 4 August 2017.
Telecommunications Law developments in Jordan (2013), 9th Annual Telecommunications Law & Regulations in the Middle East, IBC Legal conference/Dubai /UAE, 10-11/12/2013.P.

United Arab Emirates – Measures Relating to Trade in Goods and Services, and Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights/Request for Consultations by Qatar, wt/ds526/1, g/l/1180 s/l/415, ip/d/35, 4 august 2017.

WTO (2004) Mexico – Measures Affecting Telecommunications Services, WTIDS204IR, Report of the WTO Panel, 2 April 2004.

المراجع الأخرى:

ملحم أحمد عبد الرحمن، مدى مخالفة الاندماج والسيطرة لأحكام المنافسة التجارية، مجلة الحقوق الكويتية، سبتمبر 1995.
الماحي حسين، تنظيم المنافسة، (ط ١، دار النهضة العربية، القاهرة، 2003).
فتحي حسين، الممارسات الاحتكارية والتحالفات التجارية لتقويض حريتي التجارة والمنافسة، (دار النهضة العربية، القاهرة).
أبو كركي هيثم، تنظيم المنافسة ومنع الاحتكار ضمن اتفاقيات منظمة التجارة العالمية، رسالة دكتوراه، الجامعة الأردنية، 2014.

Abu Karky, Hetham, International support to Competition Advocacy in Jordan, European Competition Law Review, Issue 4, Thomson Reuters, London, the UK, 2017,

Abu Karky, Hetham, Competition Policy and Consumer Protection Policy in Jordan, Penn State International Law Review, 2010, Volume 29, P335, Pennsylvania, the USA, at 340-345.

Abu Karky, Hetham, Competition Policy and Informal Economy OECD Global Forum, on Competition Contribution from Jordan, 2009.

Abu Karky, Hetham, The Interface between Competition and Consumer Policies, Seventh Global Forum of Competition, 21-22/2/2008, contribution from Jordan, Paris, France,;jsessionid=1olxuek3586l1.x-oecd-live-01.

Agustino, Daniel, Competition, Consumer Protection, and Objective of Competition Law Commission for the Supervision of Business Competition, KPPU Indonesia, August 2006,

Glen, Jack, Corpo¬rate Profitability and the Dynamics of Competition in Emerging Markets: A Time Series Analysis, ESRC Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Working Paper No 248, 2002.

Hovenkamp, Herbert, Antitrust Policy after Chicago, 84 Michigan L, Rev 213, 225 (1985).

Kovacic, William E., Competition Policy, Consumer Protection, and Economic, Disadvantage Journal of Law & Policy [Vol. 25:10.1.2007].

Pomar, Fernando Gómez, EC Consumer Protection Law and EC Competition Law: How related are they? A Law and Economics Perspective Working Paper No: 113 SECOLA Conferences, LSE: London, May 16-17 2002 &3.

Posner, Eric, The Chicago School of Antitrust Analysis, 127 University of Pennsylvania Law Review P 935.

Qalyoubi, Ruba, Competition Law in the Arab Country, Jordan as a case study, Stamp flit Publishers Ltd, Berne, 2008.

Smith, Adam, An Inquiry into the Nature and Cause of the Wealth of Nations, 5th edition Methuen & Co., Ltd, London.

Taylor, Martyn, International Competition Law: A New Dimension for the WTO? (Cambridge University Press: 2009).