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M. Anas Sarmini

Abstract

This research aims to discuss the usul principle of disregarding the narration of the non-jurist companion when it contradicts the qiyas (analogical reasoning) that Isa ibn Abban attributed to the Hanafi school of law. Many of his students mentioned Abu Hurayrah, Anas bin Malik, and others as examples when discussing this principle. This research will analyse this issue by collecting the narrations of Anas from the books of Hanafi jurisprudence and will investigate both the incidents in which the Hanafis utilized these narrations and the incidents in which they disregarded them. I will then subject my findings to various forms of analysis in order to understand the reasons for the rejections of such narrations. All of this will be used to reach a grneral conclusoion that evaluates the statement of Isa ibn Abban regarding Hanafi usul and their application within their jurisprudence. This research concludes that the Hanafis did, in fact, give consideration to the narrator’s knowledge of jurisprudence in certain matters, especially when preferring the narrations of a jurist narrator to a non jurist narrator. However, the status of the narrations of Anas bin Malik, in particular, was considered the same as those of the other companions. Rather, the Hanafis referred back to their other principles of distinguishing between the decisive and non-decisive texts, accepted the narrations of Anas in many places, and sometimes even favoured them over traditions narrated by companions better known for their knowledge of jurisprudence, over qiyas (analogous reasoning), and over other principles. This conclusion indicates that the argument put forth by Isa ibn Abban describing this Hanafi usul principle is in need of further consideration.

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Keywords

Anas ibn Malik
preferring
jurist-narrations
non-jurist companion
analogical reasoning (qiyas)
principles

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Section
Articles in Arabic