Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia <p>The <em>Journal of College of Sharia and Islamic Studies</em> (JCSIS) at Qatar University&nbsp; is&nbsp; a peer-reviewed, bilingual, open access journal. It provides a forum for quality research in multidisciplinary classical and contemporary Islamic studies in both Arabic and English from all over the world. Since 1980, <em>JCSIS</em> has established itself as a valuable resource both for scholars and students of Islamic Studies as well as for libraries. <em>JCSIS</em> encourages contributions from all branches of Islamic Studies with a view to deepening historical research on Islam, in both theory and practice, from historical and social-science perspectives since its emergence until modern times. <em>JCSIS </em>bridges East-West researchers and readers and presents up-to-date research.</p> College of Sharia & Islamic Studies - Qatar University en-US Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2305-5545 Table of Contents https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1845 ojsadmin production Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-13 2021-06-13 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0284 Table of Contents https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1846 ojsadmin production Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-13 2021-06-13 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0283 Back Matter https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1847 ojsadmin production Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-13 2021-06-13 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0280 Front Matter https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1848 ojsadmin production Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-13 2021-06-13 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0279 Editorial in Arabic https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1849 ojsadmin production Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-13 2021-06-13 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0281 Editorial in English https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1850 ojsadmin production Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-13 2021-06-13 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0282 Islam in New Zealand – A Mixed Reception: Historical Overview and Contemporary Challenges https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1851 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This research aims to discuss the history of Islam in New Zealand, together with some of the pressing issues and challenges Muslims have encountered along the way. Looking back at the history of early Muslim settlers and the emergence of Muslim organizations and allied enterprises, it is clear that the Muslim community in New Zealand has had a rather mixed reception in a land that, on the whole, is perceived to be benignly tolerant and accepting.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The research is based on a critical analysis of the available literature, both contemporary and historical. This paper explores complicated community developments, conversions to Islam, the violence experienced with defacement and destruction of mosques in reaction to overseas events over recent decades, ongoing Islamophobia, and the infamous 2019 terrorist attack on two mosques in the city of Christchurch.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The research highlights the status of the New Zealand Muslim community and the extent and nature of their influence in the country. It constitutes a social hierarchy with a complex past and multiple internal issues. Accordingly, this paper concludes with a brief discussion of the migrant experience of Muslims. It also elucidates the necessity of further research in the future and emphasizes the need to study the culture, faith and history of New Zealand from various angles.</p> <p><strong>Originality:</strong> This is illustrated in the direct attachment of the research to the core topic of religion. This is the first academic study to deal directly with both the history of the Muslim minority and contemporary issues such as Islamophobia following the 2019 massacre.</p> Abdullah Drury Douglas Pratt Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0290 Courting Islam: The Evolution of Perceptions of Islam within the British and American governments from the European Colonial period to the War on Terror https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1852 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This article explores the changing attitudes to, and perceptions of Islam that developed over a period in which substantive engagements between Anglo-American strategic interests brought them more and more into contact with Muslim majority governments and cultures.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Using historical analysis, the article examines selected primary literature to understand how perceptions of Islam within American and British policymaking circles evolved during the European Colonial period.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The key finding is the extent to which perceptions of Islam and Muslims were government not just by the nature of the incidents and issues that politicians and officials were dealing with, but also by the shifting cultural shifts taking place in America and Britain.</p> <p><strong>Originality</strong>: The article’s originality lies in the methodological approach of examining US-British policymaker’s perceptions of Islam based upon their experiences. In so doing, the article offers an approach to West-Islam relational debates that avoids critiquing the validity of the observations and instead deepens our understandings of where the perceptions came from as a basis for improved dialogues in the future.</p> Sean Oliver-Dee Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0291 The Role of Apocalyptic Prophecies in ISIS Terrorism https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1853 <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: This study aims to reveal how ISIS exploits apocalyptic prophecies stated in the Qur’an and hadiths to find new recruits and legitimize its ideology. The study tries to identify how sensitive issues of Islam are misinterpreted to mislead and terrorize young Muslims. It also elucidates how the misuse of innocent verses and hadiths leads to terrorism in the hands of people with fundamentalist beliefs.</p> <p><strong>Approach:</strong> All issues of two ISIS magazines, namely, <em>Dabiq</em> and <em>Rumiyah</em><em>,</em> were reviewed, and the related articles were selected, examined and compared with traditional Sunni Islam’s eschatology. In addition to the content analysis of the two magazines entitled with the apocalyptic names, previously written literature was also examined for this study.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> ISIS used eschatology to persuade Muslim youth to immigrate to its so-called lands and fight for its lofty cause. The terrorist group tried to realize this goal mainly by reinterpreting prophetic promises of Islam for its ends in the media. The analysis shows that ISIS did not serve religion but benefited its radical ideology. However, time has shown that ISIS’s brutal cause was far from the Islamic faith, as none of ISIS’s apocalyptic prophecies came true.</p> <p><strong>Originality:</strong> While there are many studies about ISIS, few or none of them analyzed how the movement deceived people with apocalyptic ideas, which need to be considered during an examination of the conflicts in the Middle East, where states (e.g., Israel) or regimes (e.g., Iran) are founded on the basis of apocalyptic prophecies. ISIS was another trial that failed. By not examining the core of ISIS ideology stemming from the distorted interpretation of Islamic prophecies, gray zones would be left in the literature. This study makes that zone clearer.</p> İbrahim Karataş Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0292 Examining the Term Al-Israeliyyat https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1854 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> This research aims to examine the term <em>Israeliyyat</em>, one of the most prominent terms used in Qur'anic interpretation. Despite the influence of these expositions on the term “<em>Israeliyyat</em>”, because it is one of the tools that expositors (Al-Mufassirun) use to clarify meaning in the Holy Qur’an, the meaning of the standardized form has varied, causing some confusion and necessitating research to solve this theoretical problem.<strong>Methodology</strong>: The researcher used five research methods (descriptive, inductive, analytical, critical, and comparative) to examine uses of the term "<em>Israeliyyat</em>". A preliminary conception of the term’s linguistic meanings and the influences on the formation of these meanings are presented.<strong>Findings</strong>: The most important result of the research is the presentation of a new meaning of the term <em>Israeliyyat</em>, in which the different sayings and opinions of various scholars are combined: All narrations that use the People of the Book were meant to describe the <em>Children of Israel</em> as well as others among them who had converted to Islam; furthermore, the books of the Prophets that use the <em>Children of Israel</em> may be the origin of this use. Additionally, the researcher elaborates that the main reason for the differences in the various connotations of the word "<em>Israeliyyat</em>" is the neglect of the semantic roots and history of the term in the Hadiths. For example, the phrase "Children of Israel" was used to limit the number of references to them, and the term "People of the Book" was avoided, which led to a disruption in the use of the general approach used to examine hadiths. Accordingly, the different uses of the term appeared and gradually grew apart.<strong>Originality</strong>: This research makes an important addition to the study of the Qur’anic sciences. Despite the large number and diversity of theoretical studies on the topic of "<em>Israeliyyat</em>" in general, past studies have not carefully examined this topic, given its interpretive importance, and this study is expected to motivate researchers concerned with the sciences of the Holy Qur’an to further examine the topic of scientific terminology.</p> Bushra Ghaleb Bakalaf Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0285 Separation between spouses due to incompatibility and its applications in the Jordanian Sharia courts https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1855 <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: This study aims to examine the issue of incompatibility in the Jordanian Personal Status Law, no.(36) issued in 2010.Incompatibility has been one of the legally contentious issues as its features are constantly changing based on time and place.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: In order to achieve the aim of the study, the researchers use an analytical and deductive method in analyzing the rulings on compatibility in the books of Islamic jurisprudence and the text of the Jordanian Personal Status Law. After analyzing and discussing different opinions, the strongest opinion has been proposed.</p> <p><strong>Findings</strong>: The study makes several points the most important of which is that marriage compatibility is mandatory in the Jordanian Personal Status Law. Secondly, the Jordanian legislator lists many aspects of compatibility which can be summarized in two main characteristics: religiosity and financial compatibility evidenced in the ability to pay the advanced dowry and provide for the family.</p> <p><strong>Originality</strong>: The value of this study stems from the fact it examines compatibility among the married couples and the process of its application in Jordanian Sharia Court in addition to highlighting the strongest opinion after presenting the Fiqhi and the judicial opinion on the issue.</p> Yousef Abduallah Alshrefean Yumna Adnan Hamdan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0286 Errors in Citing Scholars’ Sayings: Examples from books of the Hadith sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1856 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The aim of this article is to revise the cited sayings of scholars in the field of the hadith sciences, to clarify errors in this field and to emphasize the correct methodology for citing original works in contemporary studies. Furthermore, the article aims to correct some serious existing mistakes found in Islamic heritage.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This research uses analytical and critical methodologies to trace the reasons that mistakes have been committed in citing, analyzing, and assessing the sayings of past scholars. Finally, the research explains the mistakes found in citing these sayings.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The article finds six reasons that mistakes relating to the citation of the sayings of scholars have been committed. Furthermore, hadith and hadith science books need precise and careful revision, especially in terms of citations of previous scholars. Ultimately, researchers in this field are advised to not use secondary sources and to rely on primary sources instead. Moreover, mistakes in citing the works of scholars are a human error that no one can completely escape; thus, we emphasize the importance of using primary sources rather than secondary sources.</p> <p><strong>Originality:</strong> The originality of this article lies in dealing with examples related to the hadith sciences but eliminating the incorrectly cited sayings of certain scholars and then explaining the consequences of these mistakes. Finally, this article helps cleanse our Islamic heritage of errors in both methodology and information.</p> Hamid Goufi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0287 Reasons for the disagreements in the Maliki school of thought using ʿAqd al-Jawāhir al-Thamīna for Ibn Shas https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1857 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This research aims to explore the scientific reasons for the differences between scholars in the Maliki school of thought and the effect of such differences on their research. The usual method for such investigations is to examine the reasons for the differences between various doctrines and to describe the benefits of each of the various readings of the same doctrine that stem from the different views of the elaborators. In all such efforts, it is important to be objective in order to reach the right conclusion.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>I conducted searches using two methodologies: induction, whereby I followed the jurisprudence branches and the views of Maliki doctrine scholars, including the book “precious Jewels” from Ben Shas, from the start of the Immaculate Book until the end of the Haj Book. Additionally, I used deduction, whereby I investigated the various branches of thought and the reasons for their differences regarding the main subjects in the Islamic sciences.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> There are numerous reasons for the differences within the Maliki school of thought, including differences between the principles and rules of jurisprudence and in linguistic connotations. A single word may have more than one connotation within Arabic.</p> <p><strong>Originality: </strong>This article is the first scholarly research dealing with the scientific reasons for differences among Maliki doctrine scholars and the impact these differences have on jurisprudence provisions.</p> Yaser Ajeel AL-Nashmi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0288 The Prophetic Approach to Dealing with Youth and their Issues An Analytical Study https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1858 <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: The research aims to determine the method that the Prophet PBUH envisaged using in his dealings with young people and the secret of his success in reconciling the impulsive and enthusiastic nature of this population with the need for them to be given good direction, education, guidance and community benefit. Furthermore, it seeks to examine the feasibility of using such an approach today during the Islamic call and in using this approach in advocacy practice. The root of any authentic Islamic discourse is a correct prophetic model, which constitutes a major basis in the search for the ideal method for addressing youth issues, including helping them become well established and employed in the service of religion and the nation.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This research relied on an inductive approach to trace the hadiths and actions of the Prophet and his advocacy practices to identify a general approach to advocacy. It also used an the analytical approach to address the division of the content of the Prophet’s advocacy to help formulate an accurate and comprehensive conception of the Prophet’s work.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> the results of this research indicate that it is important to converse with young people to discover their talents and use them to reconcile youths’ enthusiasm and drive with their capabilities, helping them become well established. The research also focused on finding an equation for achieving a balance among the aspects of a young person’s personality and reconciling the source of his or her energy with the areas such energy can be applied. Through the research, it became clear to us that this requires accurately describing the reality youths face and a deep understanding of their needs and problems while actively seeking solutions to them.</p> <p><strong>Originality: </strong>In our study, we did not find any previous research that dealt with this topic independently through study and analysis, with the exception of some short articles published on the Internet, each of which dealt with only a portion of the topic. Thus, we tried to take note of the various aspects of the problem and trace its history through the Sunnah books.</p> Mohammed Rashid Al Marri Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0289 Sardar, Ziauddin and Jeremy Henzell-Thomas, Rethinking Reform in Higher Education: From Islamization to Integration of Knowledge, London and Washington: The International Institute of Islamic Thought, pp. 266+ix, 2017. ISBN: 9781565649774 (paperback) https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1859 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Yaseen Gada Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 39 1 10.29117/jcsis.2021.0293