Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies 2020-01-06T09:34:04+03:00 Prof. Abdallah El-Khatib Open Journal Systems <p><em>The Journal of College of Sharia and Islamic Studies</em> <em>(JCSIS)</em> at Qatar University&nbsp; is&nbsp; a peer-reviewed, bilingual, open access journal committed to publishing original high quality scholarly research papers in the scope of multidisciplinary classical and contemporary Islamic studies in both Arabic and English. <em>JCSIS</em>&nbsp; is available in print and online and published twice a year (January &amp; July), the journal seeks to achieve leadership in publishing refereed academic papers in its field and to rank amongst the world’s most renowned scientific data bases. Further, the journal aims to bring perspectives from around the world to developments in the classical and contemporary Islamic Studies.</p> Table of Contents 2020-01-05T11:30:33+03:00 Aisha Al-Abdulla 2020-01-05T11:06:44+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies فهرس المحتويات 2020-01-05T11:30:33+03:00 Aisha Al-Abdulla 2020-01-05T11:03:35+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Back Matter 2020-01-05T11:30:34+03:00 Aisha Al-Abdulla 2020-01-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies صفحة الغلاف 2020-01-05T11:30:34+03:00 Aisha Al-Abdulla 2020-01-05T11:18:41+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Editorial 2020-01-05T11:30:34+03:00 Aisha Al-Abdulla 2020-01-05T11:09:40+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies كلمة العدد 2020-01-05T11:30:34+03:00 Aisha Al-Abdulla 2020-01-05T11:13:14+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Generation Z and the Level of Islamic Akhlaq Practices 2020-01-06T09:21:33+03:00 Fariza Md Sham Mohamed Hamdan Abdullah A’dawiyah Ismail <p>Akhlaq (good moral character) is an important element in the life of adolescents. It determines adolescent behaviour. Akhlaq is the product of knowledge and an understanding of knowledge gained through formal or informal education. The practice of Islamic akhlaq needs to be internalized in every student in order to build self-respect and good behaviour. The practice of Islamic akhlaq plays a role in creating piety in a person and becomes the measure of balance in Allah’s judgment. Therefore, this research is very relevant for the purpose of identifying the level of Islamic akhlaq practised by the young generation. This research is designed as a survey study that uses a questionnaire as the research instrument. The research sample focuses on Muslim students from six Central Zone Polytechnics. The total number of respondents includes 400 Muslim students in their final semester for each polytechnic. Data obtained from the questionnaire are gathered and analysed using Statistical Packages for Social Science Version 22.0 (SPSS v22.0) software to obtain the frequency, percentage and mean score. The research results find that the highest level of Islamic akhlaq practice among the respondents is calmly listening to al-Quran recitation with a mean score of 4.72, followed by an average and the lowest level of mean score of 3.40, that is, the respondents did not like to loiter. The overall average mean score of 4.44 is high. This shows that the level of Islamic akhlaq practice by polytechnic students in the Central Zone is good but that they are in need of continuous guidance so that good akhlaq can be maintained and enhanced. Gen Z is growing up in a world connected with the ever-growing human-created technology. The generation is often in cyberspace and can connect to every part of the world without boundaries or limitations. Therefore, it is a challenge to the apply values and norms based on Islamic akhlaq for Gen Z.</p> 2020-01-05T11:17:29+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Variations in the Successive Quranic Readings, and Their Effects and Implications on Quranic Exegesis. Practical Examples from the Chapter of Al-Hajj. 2020-01-06T09:23:21+03:00 Adnan Bin Abdul Razzaq Al-Hamwi Al-Olabi <p>The variations between the various mass-transmitted canonical modes of Quranic recitation are among the most interesting facets of the Quran. However, do these differences contribute to any practical implications related to Quranic exegesis? This paper aims to study their effects, and in particular, the differences present in the Chapter of Al-Hajj. The paper studies how five instances of different vocabulary usage in this chapter that are based on different modes of recitation contribute to the richness and flexibility of meanings and the implications of the Quranic text. The study concludes that these differences significantly contribute to Quranic exegesis, particularly in the areas of legislation and Quranic inimitability.</p> 2020-01-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Selling at Market Price in Islamic Jurisprudence: A Fundamental and Comparative Study. 2020-01-06T09:29:43+03:00 Feras Ahmad Alsaleh <p>materials that have explored this topic in the classical books of Islamic law.<br>This paper studies this type of sale and explains the characteristics that differentiate it from other types of transactions. The<br>paper also mentions the differing verdicts given by classic scholars of Islamic law regarding this form of sale, as there exists some<br>controversy regarding its legitimacy. The paper also delves into the points of agreement and disagreement between the two sides<br>and provides the reader with both sets of arguments. The paper also addresses the question of the point in time that should be<br>utilized in the market price sale and demonstrates the correct position in light of the Quran and the Prophetic texts. Finally, this<br>study wishes to investigate this sale in relation to modern civil law and to demonstrate the economic benefits of legitimizing it.<br>The paper utilizes inductive, deductive, and analytical methodologies to research the aforementioned points. The paper<br>concludes that the position that permits the market price sale removes the obscurity of the price, even though it is not explicitly<br>stated in the sale contract.</p> 2020-01-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies The Rulings of Animal Endowments in Islamic Jurisprudence. 2020-01-06T09:31:08+03:00 Orwa.I. Sabri <p>This research presents a conceptualization of the jurisprudential rulings related to animal endowments (Waqf). The<br>paper discusses the conditions and various use cases of such endowments. The paper also answers questions pertaining to the<br>replacement of the endowed animals, as well as the different ways in which they may be utilized after their death.<br>By studying the topic of animal endowments, this paper seeks to study the possibility of broadening the notion of endowments<br>and aims to identify its alternative forms as well as address its various detailed rulings. Moreover, the paper discusses different<br>methods for investing such endowments.<br>The study utilizes descriptive, analytical and comparative methodologies. It presents the opinions of a wide variety of legal<br>scholars on jurisprudential topics related to animal endowments and then elaborates on them by providing and examining the<br>evidence for each ruling.<br>The major conclusions of the research are as follows:<br>1) The legitimacy of animal endowments in Islamic law.<br>2) The legitimate usufructs of such animal endowments vary a great deal and can accommodate several needs, such as an animal’s utilization in the transportation of people and goods, as well as any other permitted activity. An animal may also be used for its products, such as its milk, hair, wool and its offspring.<br>3) It is permitted to replace animal endowments in cases of sickness or lack of productivity, only with the permission of the judge and if it benefits the endowment.</p> 2020-01-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Teacher's Civil Liability for Administering Corporal Punishment to Pupils in Islamic Jurisprudence: A Comparative Study with the Kuwaiti Penal Code. 2020-01-06T09:32:18+03:00 Mohammad Yousef Al-Mahmoud <p>his study aims to address the issue of corporal punishment administered by teachers to pupils with respect to civil liability regarding the occurrence of damages caused by the punishment. The study delves into the statements of the jurists regarding the corporal discipline carried out by teachers and attempts to identify the correct position. The study also mentions the conditions for civil liability, as well as the disciplinary controls put in place by the Kuwaiti penal code.<br>The researcher concludes that teachers who discipline their students are liable for all damages, even if the punishment is mild and not typically one that causes injury. This view of Abu Hanifa and al-Shafi’I in a Kuwaiti penal code ruling on this issue is mostly compatible with Islamic jurisprudence.<br>The researcher recommends that teachers be carefully selected through personal interviews and that their performance should be continuously monitored. The paper encourages corporal discipline under administrative, psychological and educational supervision and with adherence to Islamic disciplinary controls.</p> 2020-01-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Historical roots of Occidentalism in the Islamic heritage. 2020-01-06T09:34:04+03:00 Mohammed Abdelhalim Bichi <p>This research aims at uncovering the roots of Arab and Islamic knowledge in the West in terms of the scientific establishment of the astonishing science that reflects the scientific efforts of orientalism, which contributed at all its stages to helping Western policy hold on to the Islamic East. I adopt inductive and descriptive historical approaches to look in depth into thepre-Islamic heritage, the Holy Quran that is full of guidance as to how to know the other, the noble Sunnah that is rich in guiding Muslims to invite others and thus to know them and finally the broad Islamic experience in understanding the West, as addressed by artists, travelers, geographers, traders, business intelligence persons, theologians, and the Diwans’ notetakers. I conclude that occidentalism should be based on previous writings about the relationship between Islam and the West, particularly those dealing with jurisprudential cases, international relations and the achievement of Muslims in knowing the other. Special attention should be paid to the impact of such knowledge on shaping the Islamic legislative literature.</p> 2020-01-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies Book review : What they Saw in America 2020-01-05T11:35:08+03:00 Tigani MA Zaid <p style="direction: rtl;">برر الكاتب نقد القيم الثقافية لبلاده من خلال أناس أثبتوا ازدواجية في مشاعرهم تجاه أمريكا. واعتبر الكاتب أن الازدواجية من طبيعة الحياة والأشياء، وأن أجمل الأشياء تنطوي على ازدواجية. وإن التركيز على الأشياء السلبية لا يعني تفنيد الأشياء الجميلة، بل المقصود التعمق أكثر وتجديد الأفكار والتغلب على السلبيات. وإن هذا النوع من نقد قيم الثقافية الأمريكية مهم، ولاسيما حينما يأتي من غرباء أجانب، فإن فائدته للأمريكيين تكون أعظم ؛ ليفهموا أنفسهم. وكذلك سيساعدهم في اعتبار القيم الثقافية للآخر ووعيهم بأهمية الآخر المختلف. وستجعل هؤلاء الأمريكيين يعون جوهر الذهب ويتجاهلون المغشوش منه. وفي الختام برر تشسترتون بأن الأشياء الجميلة لا تُصدّر، بل يجب عليك أن تسافر إليها وذلك ردا على الناقدين الناقمين الذين يرون أن أمريكا صدرت أسوأ ما عندها من قيم إلى دول أخرى.</p> 2020-01-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies