Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia <p><em>The Journal of College of Sharia and Islamic Studies</em> <em>(JCSIS)</em> at Qatar University&nbsp; is&nbsp; a peer-reviewed, bilingual, open access journal committed to publishing original high quality scholarly research papers in the scope of multidisciplinary classical and contemporary Islamic studies in both Arabic and English. <em>JCSIS</em>&nbsp; is available in print and online and published twice a year (January &amp; July), the journal seeks to achieve leadership in publishing refereed academic papers in its field and to rank amongst the world’s most renowned scientific data bases. Further, the journal aims to bring perspectives from around the world to developments in the classical and contemporary Islamic Studies.</p> en-US Shareia.journal@qu.edu.qa (Prof. Abdallah El-Khatib) Shareia.journal@qu.edu.qa (Shima Al-haddad) Wed, 05 Dec 2018 08:27:55 +0300 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Table of Contents https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/305 Aisha Al-Abdulla Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/305 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 11:15:24 +0300 فهرس المحتويات https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/308 Aisha Al-Abdulla Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/308 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 11:22:47 +0300 Back Matter https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/306 Aisha Al-Abdulla Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/306 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 11:17:13 +0300 صفحة الغلاف https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/309 Aisha Al-Abdulla Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/309 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 11:24:27 +0300 Editorial https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/307 Aisha Al-Abdulla Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/307 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 11:19:59 +0300 كلمة العدد https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/313 shima Al-Haddad Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/313 Wed, 05 Dec 2018 06:42:21 +0300 Rapprochement between Sunnīs and Imāmīs during the Crusades https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/303 <p>The Imāmī Shī‘a of Syria stood along with the Sunnīs as one group against the Franks, rather than as followers of different religious traditions. This article traces the rapprochement between the Sunnī and the Imāmī Shī‘a in the face of the Franks. Examples that were invoked to make the point here include the Imāmīs of Tripoli and Aleppo and the Imāmī vizier of the Fatimids, Ṭalā’i‘ Ibn Ruzzayk. Three factors seem to have underlined this sense of unity: doctrinal nearness, geographic proximity, and the political quietism of medieval Imāmism. Saladin’s relations with the Imāmīs are also invoked here. Being more pragmatic than his predecessor Nūr Al-Dīn, Saladin valued winning hearts and minds as much as winning battles. He successfully adopted a containment policy that was based on winning the Syrian Imāmīs and building a broad alliance with them against the Franks.</p> Mohamed El-Moctar El-Shinqiti Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/303 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 08:19:38 +0300 Re-forming the knot - ʿabdullāh al-ghumārī›s iconoclastic sunnī neo-traditionalism https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/310 <p>This article studies the life and thought of&nbsp; Abdullah al-Ghumari (d. 1413/1993), an accomplished, yet uncelebrated, Muslim scholar from Morocco. After a brief biographical sketch, I present an overview of his thought (including numerous nonconformist views he held) in the fields of theology, law and Sufism. I proceed to analyze his methodology and what it tells us about his interaction with modernity and the Islamic scholarly tradition. Finally, I draw some more general conclusions about Islam in modernity, in light of the views of contemporary French sociologist Hervieu-Leger. I infer that Ghumari was a&nbsp;nonconformist thinker who leveraged a broad understanding of tradition to remold or revive&nbsp;the tradition from within.&nbsp;The early-modern milieu may have contributed to and facilitated his attempts to<br> restore dynamism to a religious scholarly tradition&nbsp;that had in some ways at least become static or stagnant.</p> Suheil Ismail Laher Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/310 Wed, 05 Dec 2018 06:34:41 +0300 A Critique of Hasan Hanafi’s Assertion Concerning Islamic Pluralism https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/298 <p>While Islam recognizes pluralism, it also states that it is but one singular religion. However, many modernists insist on the pluralization of Islam and often classify Islam based on geography or sect. Because of this, they conclude that there are secular, liberal, socialist, and many other versions of Islam. This leaves many confused as to which version of Islam Muslims should apply and which type of Islam Muslims should identify and propagate.<br> This paper was written as a refutation of Dr Hassan Hanafi’s Marxist interpretation of the Quran. Dr Hanafi transgressed all scientific and objective methodologies in his research, as he alleged to have embodied the intellectual and reformist thought of Rashid Rida, Sayyid Qutub and Mustafa Al-Sibai.</p> Ahmad M. Zayed Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/298 Sun, 02 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0300 The status of Anas bin Malik’s narrations in Hanafi corpus - An applied analytical study https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/299 <p>This research aims to discuss the usul principle of disregarding the narration of the non-jurist companion when it contradicts the qiyas (analogical reasoning) that Isa ibn Abban attributed to the Hanafi school of law. Many of his students mentioned Abu Hurayrah, Anas bin Malik, and others as examples when discussing this principle. This research will analyse this issue by collecting the narrations of Anas from the books of Hanafi jurisprudence and will investigate both the incidents in which the Hanafis utilized these narrations and the incidents in which they disregarded them. I will then subject my findings to various forms of analysis in order to understand the reasons for the rejections of such narrations. All of this will be used to reach a grneral conclusoion that evaluates the statement of Isa ibn Abban regarding Hanafi usul and their application within their jurisprudence. This research concludes that the Hanafis did, in fact, give consideration to the narrator’s knowledge of jurisprudence in certain matters, especially when preferring the narrations of a jurist narrator to a non jurist narrator. However, the status of the narrations of Anas bin Malik, in particular, was considered the same as those of the other companions. Rather, the Hanafis referred back to their other principles of distinguishing between the decisive and non-decisive texts, accepted the narrations of Anas in many places, and sometimes even favoured them over traditions narrated by companions better known for their knowledge of jurisprudence, over qiyas (analogous reasoning), and over other principles. This conclusion indicates that the argument put forth by Isa ibn Abban describing this Hanafi usul principle is in need of further consideration.</p> M. Anas Sarmini Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/299 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 05:04:06 +0300 The Ethics of Dealing with Crises from an Islamic Perspective https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/300 <p>Individuals, groups, and states all face a variety of crises that require a set of values and morals when dealing with them. These morals contribute to the effective management of such crises and assist in overcoming both them and their negative ramifications. Many of those who are involved in solving crises ignore these ethical standards, which only prolongs the crisis and renders their solutions less effective and comprehensive.<br> In this research, I followed both analytical descriptive methodology and deductive methodology to outline the Islamic perspective on how these crises should be handled. This was done after analysing religious texts and scholarly statements and by citing various crises and examining the manner in which they were dealt with using a moral system.<br> This research concluded by specifying certain ethics and methodologies for dealing with crises and advising for the further study of a number of subjects and the establishment of training courses in order to create awareness for such ethics at individual, family, communal and state level.</p> Mahrous Basyoni Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/300 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0300 The Value of Status in Islamic Law https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/301 <p>This study, titled “The Value of Prestige in Islamic Fiqh”, comes in three sections, in addition to an introduction and conclusion. The first section discusses the concept and value of prestige—what a man gets from others in return for his advocacy—and compares the vocabulary related to this concept, such as power, advocacy, and bribery. The second section pinpoints the various perceptions of prestige for which one is rewarded and the constraints of prestige that people consider as good traits by which they keep their rights. The third section shows scholars’ points of view concerning the taking of money in return for using one’s prestige to help others. In addition, this section shows the differences among those points of view, which form three perspectives: prevention, permission and elaboration. This research supports the last perspective, which stresses the permissibility of taking money from a man with prestige in return to his expenditures and expenses; otherwise, it is not permissible. The study concludes that using one’s prestige is considered a kind of charity and a good deed that is done for the sake of Allah. Additionally, it is not permissible for a person to misuse his power and prestige when helping others.</p> Jamal Ahmad Zaid Al Kailani Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/301 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 05:28:21 +0300 Sheikh Qassim bin Mohammed Al-Thani, and his Charitable and Endowment Efforts. (Historical and Descriptive Study) https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/302 <p>Sheikh Qassim bin Mohammed Al-Thani, the founder of the State of Qatar, was a ruler who possessed several virtuous qualities. One of these qualities was his charitable and endowment efforts in the Arabian Peninsula. These charities and endowments are persistent to this day and continue to proceed according to the conditions arranged by the sheikh before his death. This study reached a number of conclusions. First, Sheikh Qassim showed great courtesy towards the scholars and had a considerable interest in publishing and distributing books that were of benefit to students and teachers in Najd, Qatar, and the Islamic world and to foreign students in particular. Second, Sheikh Qassim appointed scholars as safeguarders of his trusts in the countries where he send his endowments. Finally, it revealed Sheikh Qassim’s sense of duty and compassion towards his family, his relatives, the Arabs, and the entire Muslim world alike.</p> Shafi Safar Al-Hajri Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/302 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 07:54:56 +0300 Islam and Human Rights: Tradition and Politics https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/304 <p>Book review :&nbsp;Islam and Human Rights: Tradition and Politics</p> Muhammad Modassir Ali Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/304 Mon, 03 Dec 2018 11:00:50 +0300