Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia <p><em>The Journal of College of Sharia and Islamic Studies</em> <em>(JCSIS)</em> at Qatar University&nbsp; is&nbsp; a peer-reviewed, bilingual, open access journal committed to publishing original high quality scholarly research papers in the scope of multidisciplinary classical and contemporary Islamic studies in both Arabic and English. <em>JCSIS</em>&nbsp; is available in print and online and published twice a year (January &amp; July), the journal seeks to achieve leadership in publishing refereed academic papers in its field and to rank amongst the world’s most renowned scientific data bases. Further, the journal aims to bring perspectives from around the world to developments in the classical and contemporary Islamic Studies.</p> en-US Shareia.journal@qu.edu.qa (Prof. Abdallah El-Khatib) Shareia.journal@qu.edu.qa (Shima Al-haddad) Sun, 30 Jun 2019 08:31:42 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Table of Contents https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1346 Mohammed zalat Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1346 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:38:40 +0000 فهرس المحتويات https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1345 Mohammed zalat Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1345 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:34:06 +0000 Back matter https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1348 Mohammed zalat Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1348 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:46:07 +0000 صفحة الغلاف https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1347 Mohammed zalat Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1347 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 14:03:30 +0000 Editorial https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1350 Mohammed zalat Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1350 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:50:41 +0000 كلمة العدد https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1349 Mohammed zalat Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1349 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:48:53 +0000 The Effects of Islam’s Sociocognitive Transformation on Female Rights and Roles https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1341 <p>The advent of Islam resulted in an extraordinary revolution in human history because of the new intellectual ideology that transformed the way of thinking that was prevalent in 7th-century pre- Islamic Arabian society. This sociocognitive transformation occurred because the ‘aşabiyyah concept was abolished and replaced with a sense of brotherhood based on shared creedal bonds. The innovative vision of the new religion rejected all kinds of discrimination, be they related to ethnicity, race or gender. A notable consequent transformation was that of the status of women, who were subjected to any number of abuses and injustices. Islam announced wide-ranging equality between the sexes in all aspects, including females’ rights to a prosperous social, educational and political life. Many Muslim women emerged as scholars, and some played pivotal political and social roles during the Golden Age after the advent of Islam.</p> Huda Mohammad Hassan Hilal Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1341 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 12:37:20 +0000 The Role of Ideological Pedagogy in Counteracting Religious Extremism https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1335 <p>Religious extremism is a widespread phenomenon found in Muslim societies, and it has become extremely harmful to Islam and the propagation of Islam’s message. One of the most important methods of countering this phenomenon is through ideological pedagogy. Ideological pedagogy should be rooted in an established and methodical teaching of the Islamic sciences and in the practical human sciences and should be conveyed through interactive and self-teaching didactic methods. This strategy is capable of nurturing minds to exhibit a wide range of essential intellectual qualities, such as freedom of thought, comprehensive research skills, ability to maintain a realistic perspective, and critical comparative thinking. Minds that possess these intellectual qualities are capable of conducting their own religious research to reach conclusions that are within the confines of God’s laws, without transgressing and adopting radicalism that may lead to terrorism.</p> Abdelmajid Najar Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1335 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The Will of Sheikh Qasim bin Mohammed Al Thani, the Founder of the State of Qatar (1827-1913) (A Descriptive and Analytical Study) https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1336 <p>This study analyzes the will of Sheikh Qasim bin Mohammed Al Thani, focusing on its religious, humanitarian and charitable aspects. The study concluded the following:<br>• The will of Sheikh Qasim is considered to be the first document in the establishment of charitable and humanitarian work within the State of Qatar.<br>• The will reveals the charitable and humanitarian aspects of Sheikh Qasim’s personality.<br>• Sheikh Qasim’s will concentrates on the elite and servant classes, women, and the needy.<br>• There was a close relationship between Sheikh Qasim and the descendants of Sheikh Mohammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab and the people of Najd in general.<br>• Sheikh Qasim adopted the teachings of Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab.<br>• Sheikh Qasim financially and morally supported King Abdul-Aziz and his father Abdul-Rahman, as stipulated in his will.</p> Shafi Safar Al-Hajri Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1336 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 08:34:03 +0000 The Religious Role of the Algerian Holy Quran Channel: A Field Survey of a Sample of Viewers https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1337 <p>In light of the international and regional changes through which identity and religious systems have become more vulnerable to cultural penetration and as protecting the cultural and religious characteristics of targeted communities becomes a strategic issue, the media, and specifically visual media, can play a specific role in Algeria’s national effort to strengthen the country’s intellectual security and preserve its privacy. The media can also help rein in the intensive media coverage that is constantly broadcasted and then consumed by all factions of our society.<br>Hence, the studies that examine media experiences in this area and that engage in characterizing and diagnosing the impressions Arab viewers have of the religious television channels and of the religious media in general are crucial to identifying their strengths and weaknesses in order to develop the strategic role previously mentioned. This study aims to survey the opinions of a sample of Algerian viewers regarding the educational and religious role played by the Fifth Algerian Channel.</p> Tahar Saoud Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1337 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The Ruling of Leasing Taxicabs in Islamic Jurisprudence https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1338 <p>This paper, titled “The Ruling of Leasing Taxicabs in Islamic Jurisprudence”, follows a descriptive- comparative methodology, and touches upon the concept of leasing taxicabs (tadmin). The paper lists the various forms of (tadmin) and describes the contractual relationship between the owner of the cab and the driver. It determines that the contract may be characterized as one of two types. It may be firstly categorized as a rental contract in which the usufruct is either specific items or people (ayan or ashkhas).This type of contract is legitimate according to all Islamic schools of jurisprudence. Alternatively, it may be categorized as a mudarabah partnership contract, which is only valid according to the Hanbali School. The researcher recommends further research regarding the contractual relationship between the two parties and the consequential rules and regulations of the contract.</p> Jamal Kailani, Anas Zahir Al-Masri Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1338 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 10:45:36 +0000 The Ruling of Subleasing in Islamic Jurisprudence https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1339 <p>The objective of this paper is to discuss the rulings related to subleasing in Islamic law and to elaborate on the jurisprudential controversies surrounding subleasing and the conditions for its validity, as well as on matters pertaining to liability. <br>This paper is comprised of an introduction followed by six sections and a conclusion. The first section covers the linguistic and technical definitions of subleasing. The second section describes the jurisprudential ruling on leasing to a subtenant, while the third section examines the jurisprudential ruling on subleasing to the owner of the asset. The fourth section studies the jurisprudential ruling of subleasing, while the fifth section deals with the jurisprudential conditions for the validity of a sublease contract. Finally, the sixth section discusses the matter of liability in a sublease agreement. The researcher utilized comparative, inductive, and analytical methodologies while preparing this paper.<br>The research concludes that a sublease contract is valid on the condition that the subtenant is trustworthy, that his or her use of the asset is equivalent to that of the original tenant, and that there is no clause in the contract prohibiting subleasing. The paper also concludes that both the original tenant and the subtenant are not liable for damages unless one of them transgresses or is careless with the asset, in which case that person becomes liable.</p> Bader Naser Almansouri Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1339 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The Legal Rulings of the Quran https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1340 <p style="direction: rtl;">فهذا تعريف بكتاب أحكام القرآن المنشور في ثمانية عشر مجلداً، والذي استغرق تأليفه ثلاثا وثمانين سنة واشترك فيه خمسة من كبار العلماء، وقبل البدء بالتعريف أنقل ما قاله الشيخ المفتي محمد تقي العثماني -أدام الله فيوضه -في التقديم للكتاب: «فإن القرآن الكريم كتاب الله تعالى الذي امتاز بين الكتب السماوية بأنه خاتم الكتب، كما أن رسول الله صلی الله عليه وسلم هو خاتم الأنبياء، ولقد شاء الله سبحانه وتعالى أن تكون أمة محمد صلی الله عليه وسلم هي المخاطبة بهذا التنزيل العزيز</p> Khalil Ahmad Thanvi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of College of Sharia & Islamic Studies https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/sharia/article/view/1340 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000