The Islamic Renaissance: Between Knowledge and Action


Mahmud Atiyyah


No wonder the seeds of separation between Knowledge and Action have been planted throughout the Islamic history in spite of the attempts to reconcile and bridge the gap between them at the level of the individual-between his words and his actions-and at the level of the whole nation-between theory and practice. This dichotomy was reflected in a number of innovative writings such as "The Art of Life and _Religion" by Al-Mawardy, "Knowledge Requiring Action" by AlBaghdady, and "'The Measure of Knowledge" and "The Measure of Action" by Al-Ghazali. If we reflect on the Islamic philosophy and its different fields, we see that this dichotomy appears in the fields of didactics, Sophism, and ethics, in addition to the contemporary and modern Islamic thought in the way we have shown.

The current research is, therefore, divided into three parts preceded by an introduction discussing the reality and the renaissance. In the first part, I discuss the roots of the problem from my point of view, and in the second part I present its impact on some of the different fields of Islamic philosophy such as the field of dialectics, philosophy, sophism, · and modern Islamic thought. In the third part, I put down some steps on the road to renaissance hoping that they will help us abide by the rules of knowledge and action. Establishing a balance between the two is the main preoccupation of humanity and is essential for its happiness; they are like the two wings of a bird which can only fly by the help of its two wings together in complete balance and harmony.


Articles in Arabic