The Association between the Positive and Negative Affect and Subjective Well-being

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Ahmed M. Abdel-Khalek

Abstract

This study aims to explore the association between the positive and negative affect and subjective well-being (SWB): happiness, satisfaction with life, and mental health. A sample of 179 undergraduates was recruited. The results indicated that men obtained statistically significant higher mean scores than women in happiness and mental health, whereas women had a high mean score than their male counterparts in negative affect. All the Pearson correlations were significant except between the positive and negative affect. All the significant correlations were positive except between the negative affect and SWB scales, i.e., negative. The principal components analysis retained two factors in the men group and labeled «Positive affect and SWB» and «Negative affect vs. happiness». One factor was extracted in the women group and labeled «SWB and positive affect vs. negative affect». Stepwise regression revealed that the predictors of happiness were mental health and satisfaction (in men), and satisfaction, mental health, and positive affect (in women). Predictors of satisfaction with life were happiness in men, and happiness and negative affect (-ve) in women. It was concluded that affect is a salient factor in SWB, particularly happiness and satisfaction with life.

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Keywords

Positive affect
Negative affect
Happiness
Satisfaction with life
Mental health
Undergraduates

Section
Articles in Arabic

References

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