https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/issue/feed Journal of Educational Sciences – Qatar University 2024-03-12T10:17:53+03:00 Prof. Hissa Mohd S M Sadiq | أ.د حصه محمد صادق Jes@qu.edu.qa Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Educational Sciences (JES) is a biannual peer-reviewed journal that publishes original theoretical and applicable research studies in education and its related fields, in both Arabic and English. The journal is a collaborative publication between the College of Education at Qatar University and Qatar University Press.</p> https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4116 The Effectiveness of a Counseling Program in Developing Social Skills and Reducing the Level of Withdrawal Behavior among Handicapped Persons in Al- Shafallah Center 2024-03-10T08:40:14+03:00 Ibrahim Mohammad Ibrahim Alsafasfeh ibrahim.safasfeh@hotmail.com <p>The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a counseling program in developing Social Skills and reducing the level of withdrawal behavior among a sample of handicapped persons in Al- Shafallah Centre. The sample consisted of (100) persons, the quasi-experimental sample consisted of (22) male and females who scored the lowest scores in the level of social skills and the highest scores in the level of withdrawal behavior. Later, they were randomly distributed equitably into two groups: experimental and controlled. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, two valid reliable scales were developed: The Social Skills scale and the Withdrawal Behavior scale which had appropriate validity and reliability. The counseling program that was built included (13) counseling sessions, which was applied to the members of the experimental group at two sessions per week for a period of (40) minutes each. The results indicated that the level of social skills in the pre-test was moderate among the members of the sample, while the level of withdrawal behavior was high. The results also showed statistically significant differences between the average scores of the study sample members in both groups: the experimental and the controlled, in the level of social skills, and the withdrawal behavior, in favor of the experimental group members. The results also indicated that there were no statistically significant differences between the average scores of the experimental group in the social skills, and the withdrawal behavior, which indicates the effectiveness of the counseling program and its continued impact during the follow-up period. The study concluded with a set of recommendations, the most important of which were: The necessity of providing multiple opportunities to practice daily activities and practices that will develop social skills and reduce the withdrawal behavior of these individuals.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4125 Building an Educational Program based on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Measuring its Effectiveness in Developing Modern Geographical Concepts among Gifted Students 2024-03-11T14:02:00+03:00 Muhammad Dakeel Al-Talhi maam.1437@gmail.com Fahad Ali Al-Omairi faomairi@uqu.edu.sa <p>The current study aims to build a proposed educational program based on artificial intelligence applications, and measure its effectiveness in developing modern geographical concepts among gifted students at the secondary stage in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. To achieve that, an available random sample of (37) students was selected from the study community, where one of the secondary schools - the course system - in the Taif city was randomly selected, and five students from the study group were selected to conduct the case study after obtaining their consent to participate. The study adopted the triangulation methodology, which included three research methods, namely: The documentary descriptive approach to build the proposed educational program, the semi-experimental approach – with a single group design – to measure the effectiveness of the proposed educational program, and the case study approach to enrich the study with qualitative data that support the interpretation of quantitative findings. Quantitative study data were collected using the Cognitive Achievement Test for Modern Geographical Concepts. The quasi-codified interview questions were also used to collect qualitative data. Quantitative data were analyzed by appropriate descriptive and inferential statistical methods using the SPSS; the qualitative data of the case study were arranged and classified, while its findings were displayed in a manner based on the rooted method of qualitative data analysis. The findings of the study in its quantitative aspect disclosed the existence of statistically significant differences at the level of significance (0.01≥α) between the average scores of the study group in the pre- and post-applications of the variable adopted in the cognitive achievement test for modern geographical concepts dimensional application, in favor of the post-application. The findings also revealed a significant (high) impact of the proposed educational program, with an impact factor of (7.28). The ratio of the block coefficient of adjusted gain for the dependent variable reached (1.27), which indicates the high effectiveness of the variable dependent on the educational program. The qualitative findings also confirmed the pioneering role of the educational program in providing gifted students with modern geographical concepts, as they relate to their current reality. Based on the findings of the study, a list of relevant recommendations and proposals were presented.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4124 Dogmatism among University Students and its Relationship with Some Variables 2024-03-11T13:52:31+03:00 Ali Mousa Aalsubhien aalsubhien@ksu.edu.sa <p>This study investigated the level of dogmatism among students at King Saud University and Majmaah University. It also aimed to identify the dogmatism level related to gender, academic level, grade point average (GPA), specialization, and participation in student activities. The sample of the study consisted of 499 male and female students from the two universities in the academic year 2020/2021. The descriptive method was used in the study. The data were collected through a dogmatism scale of 30 items by Al-Rakibat and Al-Ja'afrah (2019), after verifying its validity and reliability and modifying it to suit the Saudi setting. The findings revealed that there was more than moderate level of dogmatism among students in the two universities; there were statistically significant differences in dogmatism in favor of King Saud University students, where the t value reached 5.39 at the significance level <em>P =</em> 0.05. With regard to gender, there were significant differences in favor of male students, where the t value reached 4.06 at the significance level <em>P = </em>0.05. As for the academic specialization, there were significant differences in favor of scientific specialization, where the <em>F</em> value reached 9.2 at the significance level <em>P = </em>0.05. The study also indicated that there were no statistically significant differences in dogmatism attributed to the academic level. As for the GPA, there were statistically significant differences in favor of the lowest GPA (less than 3.4), where the <em>F</em> value reached 8.17 at the significance level <em>P =</em> 0.05. Finally, there were no significant differences related to participation in student activities. From these results, a number of related recommendations and suggestions, including preparing counseling programs to reduce the level of dogmatism among students, were presented.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4123 Mental Health and its Relationship with the Attitude towards Work among Syrian Workers in the Health Sector inside and outside Syria 2024-03-11T13:01:02+03:00 Ola Darab Nasser d.naser2810@gmail.com <p>The current study aims to reveal the relationship between the mental health and attitude toward work, among a sample of Syrian workers in the health sector residing inside and outside Syria during the spread of COVID-19, and then to recognize the differences in mental health and attitude toward work according to the variables: (place of residence, gender and occupation). The sample consisted of (211) physicians and nurses: (132) Syrian workers inside Syria, (79) Syrian workers outside Syria (Qatar 23, UAE 35, and Saudi Arabia 21). The researcher used the mental health scale (Abdul-Khaleq, 2016) and Work Attitude Questionnaire prepared by her. The Results showed the existence of a positive correlation between mental health and attitude toward work. It also showed the absence of a statistically significant effect of the interaction between sex, place of residence and occupation in mental health, except for the differences in mental health according to gender with the difference in favor of males. The study also confirmed the absence of relationship between (gender, place of residence and occupation) and the attitude towards work. The differences that were recorded were between the functional and material dimensions according to the place of residence with the difference in favor of workers outside Syria. There were also differences between the financial and health dimensions related to the occupation, in favor of nurses. The study also confirmed the effect of the interaction between the place of residence, the gender and occupation in the material dimension, in favor of male nurses outside Syria.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4122 The Extent to which the Dimensions of Scientific Literacy are included in the Projects Participating in the GLOBE Environmental Program in the Sultanate of Oman 2024-03-11T12:52:35+03:00 Manal Ali Hilal Al Qalhati manalali.2812@gmail.com Mohamed Ali Shahat m.shahat@squ.edu.om Abdullah Khamis Ambusaidi ambusaidi40@hotmail.com <p>This study aimed to identify the extent to which scientific literacy dimensions are included in the projects participating in the GLOBE Environmental Program in the Sultanate of Oman. To achieve this aim, the study instrument was designed, which is a card for analyzing the content of scientific projects in the light of the four dimensions with (29) items of scientific literacy, namely: scientific knowledge, thinking and problem-solving methods, scientific investigation, and the interchangeable relationship between work, technology, society, and the environment. A number of specialists in science education verified the validity of the content of the study’s instrument. Its reliability was confirmed using the "Kappa" coefficient between the two analyzers, where it reached (90%), which is suitable, based on the purpose of the analysis. The study results indicated that the dimensions of scientific literacy are included in the projects participating in the GLOBE Environmental Program. The results showed that the content of the analyzed projects, in general, have all the items of the four dimensions of scientific literacy included in the study instrument, at a rate of 100%. The dimensions of scientific literacy were distributed in descending order according to the percentages dealt with as follows: thinking and problem-solving methods (36.9%), scientific investigation (23.4%), scientific knowledge (20.3%), and, finally, the interrelationship between science, technology, society and the environment (19.3%). The study highly recommended integrating these projects participating in the GLOBE Environmental Program and the curricula, because of their profound role in developing the dimensions of scientific literacy among students.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4119 The effectiveness of an Enrichment Program in Enhancing Security Awareness among Tenth Grade Students in the Sultanate of Oman 2024-03-10T09:26:00+03:00 Sulaiman Mohammed Alkaabi skaabi@su.edu.om Maimuna Darwish Alzedjalia maimuna@squ.edu.om Ali Mahdi Kazem amkazem@squ.edu.om <p>The study aimed to reveal the effectiveness of a proposed enrichment program considering the dimensions of community security in enhancing security awareness among tenth grade students in the Sultanate of Oman and their attitudes towards it. The researchers used the quasi-experimental method. They designed the enrichment program, a measure of security awareness, and a measure of students' attitudes. After verifying the validity and reliability of them, they applied them to the study sample. Then, statistical processors were performed. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences in the post application of the security awareness measure, in favor of the experimental group. Also, there were statistically significant differences between the pre and post application of the experimental group in favor of the post application. This means that the enrichment program is effective in enhancing security awareness among the students of the experimental group. The results also showed an increase in the attitudes of the experimental group students towards the enrichment program. Considering that, the study recommended benefiting from what was included in the enrichment program in developing Islamic education curricula and enhancing them in terms of community security and, in addition, benefiting from the program in enhancing security awareness among tenth grade students.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4118 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Psychological Security among a Sample of Families of Coronavirus Victims in the Gaza Strip 2024-03-10T08:59:48+03:00 Ahmad Eltayeb Ahmad ahmedtayef80@gmail.com Shaima Subhi Abu Shaban sdrshaima@gmail.com <p>The study aimed to demonstrate a relationship between the trauma level of loss and the level of psychological security in a sample of the coronavirus pandemic victims’ families in the Gaza Strip. To achieve the objectives of this study, a random sample was chosen from the families of coronavirus victims in the Gaza Strip, which reached a number of (150) people, to whom the study applied the Maslow scale for feeling of psychological security, the post-traumatic stress scale, standard deviation, a T-test for two independent samples, and an ANOVA test. The study reached several results that state the following: Trauma level of loss among the families of coronavirus victims in the Gaza Strip reached 80.6%; the emotional symptoms of post-traumatic stress ranked first, at a rate of 82.8%, followed by cognitive symptoms of post-traumatic stress, at a rate of 81.1%, and in the last place came the behavioral symptoms of post-traumatic stress, at a rate of 77.8%; in addition, the families of coronavirus victims in the Gaza Strip proved to have had a high level of psychological security, the rate of which reached 72%, and the results showed that there was no relationship between the level of post-traumatic stress and the level of psychological security among the sample members, as well as the absence of statistically significant differences among the sample members in the level of loss shock and psychological security due to the following variables: (age, kinship, educational level, and gender). The researchers recommended intensifying mental health support programs for families of victims of coronavirus.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4117 Students’ Online Learning Self-Efficacy during the Spread of Corona Pandemic (Covid-19) at Sultan Qaboos University 2024-03-10T08:47:03+03:00 Talal Shaban Ahmed Amer tamer2921948@gmail.com <p>The current study targets measuring the level of online learning self-efficacy among Sultan Qaboos University students during the spread of the Corona pandemic (Covid-19). The tool adopted by this study, to measure online learning self-efficacy, is OLSES, which was developed by Zimmerman &amp; Kulikowich (2016). OLSES has been translated into Arabic by a well experienced translator. The OLSES scale was applied to a sample of 120 male and female students studying at Sultan Qaboos University to verify its psychometric properties in terms of its validity and reliability. Following on establishing the stability and integrity of the scale, it was applied on a research sample of 1560 male and female students at the same university. The results of the study indicated a high level of online learning self-efficacy among university students.</p> <p>Furthermore, the study showed a significant statistical difference between male and female students in favor of female students. Meanwhile, the community of the students, in terms of rural and urban, and the type of study, whether humanitarian or practical, did not have any significant statistical difference. The number of years variable at the university indicated significant statistical differences for only time management variable with higher self-efficacy for students who studied for five years or more.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4115 Level of Pedagogical Content Knowledge among Female New Science Teachers in light of Several Variables: A longitudinal Survey Study 2024-03-10T08:28:21+03:00 Safiya Rashid Nasser Al-Hajri safiya.alhajri@moe.om Sulaiman Mohammed Al-Balushi sbalushi@squ.edu.om Ali Talib Al-Kharusi hussein5@squ.edu.om <p>The current study aimed to measure the level of Pedagogical content knowledge of female new science teachers during the academic year for three times, in light of a number of variables: institution of preparation, GPA, classes taught by the teacher, years of experience, and the level of professional development. A longitudinal descriptive survey was conducted with a sample of (38) female teachers. The data were collected through lesson plans content analysis, class observations and semi-structures interviews. The results showed a statistically significant change (p &lt; 0.05) in the level of pedagogical content knowledge, but this change was curvilinear. Also, the results indicated that there was no statistically significant interaction (p &lt; 0.05) for the change in the level of pedagogical content knowledge and all variables, except for the professional development level in favor of teachers with high professional development level. The study recommended the necessity of providing continuous support to the new teachers in the workplace environment, offering continuous professional development programs that meet the needs of new teachers during their early years of teaching.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4126 Implications of the Creative Curriculum from the Perspectives of Educators in Qatar University Early Childhood Center 2024-03-11T14:31:35+03:00 Fatima Yousuf Al-Maadadi falmaadadi@qu.edu.qa <p>To better understand the effectiveness of any implemented early childhood curriculum, it is vital to pay attention to the experiences of early childhood educators who practiced that curriculum. The purpose of this research is to investigate early childhood educators' experiences with the Creative Curriculum that has been implemented at the Early Childhood Center of Qatar University since 2015. In this phenomenological research, the methodology includes: (a) in-depth phenomenologically based interviews, (b) follow-up online interviews, and (c) a focus group meeting with the teachers. Eight early childhood educators with a wide range of experiences presented their own experiences with the Creative Curriculum. The findings revealed that by implementing the Creative Curriculum, teachers were encouraged to integrate all aspects of the Curriculum. Teachers were inspired to pay close attention to their children’s physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development and to respond appropriately. This research provides insights and future implications about this specific curriculum in the early childhood field.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4107 Front Matter 2024-03-10T08:05:27+03:00 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4113 Table of Content 2024-03-10T08:18:54+03:00 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4112 Editorial Foreword 2024-03-10T08:16:50+03:00 Hamzeh Abdallah Ayed Khwaileh hkhwaileh@qu.edu.qa 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4111 Editorial Foreword 2024-03-10T08:14:40+03:00 Hamzeh Abdallah Ayed Khwaileh hkhwaileh@qu.edu.qa 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4110 Editorial Board 2024-03-10T08:12:37+03:00 Hamzeh Abdallah Ayed Khwaileh hkhwaileh@qu.edu.qa 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4109 Editorial Board 2024-03-10T08:10:42+03:00 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences https://journals.qu.edu.qa/index.php/jes/article/view/4108 Back Matter 2024-03-10T08:08:09+03:00 Hamzeh Abdallah Ayed Khwaileh hkhwaileh@qu.edu.qa 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Educational Sciences