This paper discusses mens rea as an element of crime, examining the legislative wording of mens rea and the vital role that this wording plays in the formation of the mens rea element in the Qatari Penal Code. The purpose of this paper is to improve the legislative wording of mens rea in the Qatari Penal Code. This paper also addresses general questions about how criminal mens rea relates to criminal justice, what makes mens rea ambiguous, and how we can solve this ambiguity. More seriously, this paper seeks to determine whether legislative omission contributes to the ambiguity of mens rea, thus adversely affecting criminal justice. In conclusion, this paper offers recommendations for the Qatari Penal Code to improve its approach to mens rea.
Mens reaCriminal LawMental elementQatarRecommendationsCriticisms
Aldein, Ashraf Shams, Explanation of the Criminal Law in Qatar: General Part (1st ed., 2010).
Bhanm, Rmsees, The General Theory of Criminal Law (3d ed. 1997).
Brown, Darryl K., Federal mens rea interpretation and the limits of culpability’s relevance, 75 Law and Contemporary Problems (2012).
Brown, Katheryn, and Angela Davis, Criminal Law Book (1st ed. 2016).
Dubber, Markus, and Tatjana Hornle, Criminal Law: A Comparative Approach (1st ed. 2014).
Fletcher, George P., Basic Types of Criminal Law (1998).
Fletcher, George P., The theory of criminal negligence: A comparative analysis, 119 U. PA. L. Rev. (1970).
Marcus, Jonathan L., Model Penal Code Section 2.02(7) and Willful Blindness (1993) 102 Yale L.J. (1993).
Moore, Michael S., Intention, responsibility, and the challenges of recent neuroscience, Stan. Tech. L. Rev. (2009).
Morse, Stephen J., Inevitable mens rea, 27 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y (2003–2004).
Oraegbunam, Ike, and R. Okey Ounkwo, Mens rea principle and criminal jurisprudence in Nigeria, 2 Nnamdi Azikiwe University Journal of International Law and Jurisprudence 225, 225 (2011). Available at http://www.ajol.info/index.php/naujilj/article/view/82407.
Robinson, Paul H., and Michael T. Cahill, Criminal Law (2d ed. 2012).
Sampsell-Jones, Ted, Mens rea in Minnesota and the Model Penal Code, Mitchell Hamline School of Law (2013).
Smith, Stephen F., Proportional mens rea, University of Virginia Law School: Public Law and Legal Theory Working Paper Series (2008).
Srouer, Ahamed Fathi, Alwaseet in Criminal Law 97 (6th ed. 2015).
Srouer, Ahmed Fathi, The Constitutional Criminal Law.
Stuntz, William J., and Joseph L. Hoffmann, Defining Crimes (2d ed., 2014).
Williams, Glanville, Criminal Law: The General Part (2d ed.1998).
Legislation and Conventions
American Law Institute, Model Penal Code and Commentaries, vol. 1, 241 (Philadelphia: The American Law Institute, 1985).
Constitution of Qatar, Article 40 (2004).
Emirati Criminal Law, Article 38 (1987).
French Criminal Code, Article 221-6 (1994).
Kuwaiti Criminal Code, Article 44 (1960).
Model Penal Code, § 2.02 (2) (b).
Qatari Penal Code, Article 32 (2004).
UN General Assembly, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (last amended 2010), 17 July 1998, ISBN No. 92-9227-227-6. Available at http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3a84.html.
State v. Ducker, 27 S.W.3d 889 (Tenn. 2000).
State v. Robinson, 934 P.2d 38 (Kan. 1997).
Judgment, The Qatari Court of Cassation, Case No. 36 on May 8, 2007.
Judgment, The Qatari Court of Cassation, Case No. 129 on June 9, 2008.
Judgment, Egyptian Court of Cassation, Case No. 166, CASSION COLLECTIVE RULES, 655 on June 10, 1985.
Egyptian Court of Cassation, Case No. 1853 on December 25, 1930.
Copied to clipboard