Ali Paya

Abstract

This paper aims to introduce a critical rationalist approach to studying the Quran. Following a very short introduction, I shall introduce the main tenets of critical rationalism (Sec. 1). In the second section, I shall briefly discuss a cluster of related notions, namely, ‘algorithmic compressibility’, ‘complex systems’, and ‘logical depth’. Taking stock from this discussion, I shall argue in the next section (Sec. 3) that the Quran is a complex system with a significant logical depth and that its message can be best understood with a critical rationalist approach. Section four deals, in a very brief manner, with the all-important discussion concerning the relevance of the notion of ‘meaning’ to the understanding of the Quran. I shall then explore in the fifth section possible similarities between the critical rationalist approach and the approach introduced by Ali ibn Abi Talib in his Nahj al-Balaghih, known as the method of istintaq (interrogation). In section six, some possible criticisms of the critical rationalist approach to studying the Quran will be considered. The paper will close (conclusion) with a recapitulation of the main arguments introduced in the previous seven sections.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

The Qur’an
Critical rationality
Logical depth
Methodology of interrogation
Intuition and doubt
Awareness

References
أولًا: المراجع العربية
أبو زيد، نصر حامد. مفهوم النص: دراسات فی علوم القرآن. الدار البيضاء/ بیروت: المرکز الثقافی العربی، 1990.
بایا، علي. الفلسفة التحليلية من منظور العقلاني النقدي. طهران: دار طرح نو، 2016.
حسين، صفره ومعارف مجيد وپهلوان منصور. "استنطاق قرآن". پژوهش هاي قرآن وحديث. مج. 43، العدد 1 (2010). في: https://bit.ly/39CkFUS
سروش، عبد الکریم. "محمد: راوي الأحلام النبوية". راه سبز (2013). في: https://bit.ly/3bHQVbB
الصدر، محمد باقر. المدرسة القرآنیة. بيروت: دار الكتب الإسلامية، 1424هـ.
یساقی، علی أصغر وسید محمد علی أیازی. "تحليل مبادئ ونهج الشهيد الصدر في تفسير القرآن". العدد الخاص في الفقه وتاريخ الحضارة. مج. 6، العدد 25 (2010).

ثانيًا: المراجع الأجنبية
Abu Zayd, Nasr Hamed. “The Qur’an: God and Man in Communication.” Universiteit Leiden (2000). at: https://bit.ly/3oPdX4g
Asia, Europe, and the Emergence of Modern Science: Knowledge Crossing Boundaries. Aron Bala (ed.). London: Palgrave, 2012.
Bartley, William III. “The Philosophy of Karl Popper: Part III. Rationality, Criticism, and Logic.” Philosophia. vol. 11, no. 1–2 (1982).
Becker, Kate. “Is Information Fundamental?” PBS. 26/4/2014. at: http://to.pbs.org/3sj68G5
Davies, Paul. The Mind of God. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.
Husserl, Edmund. Idea: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology. London: Routledge, 2012 [1931].
Jeffery, Arthur. The Foreign Vocabulary in the Quran. Leinden: Brill, 2007.
Laws of Nature: Essays on the Philosophical, Scientific and Historical Dimensions. Friedel Weinert (ed.) Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1995.
Luxenberg, Christoph. The Syro-Aramic Reading of the Koran: A Contribution to the Decoding of the Koran. Berlin: Verlag Hans Schiler, 2007.
Miller, David. Out of Error .London: Routledge, 2017 [2006].
________. “Deductivist Decision Making.” Unpublished Manuscript (2009).
Paya, Ali. “What and How Can We Learn from the Quran? A Critical Rationalist Perspective.” Islamic Studies. vol. 53, no. 3 (2014).
________. “Critical Rationalism as a Theoretical Framework for Futures Studies and Foresight.” Futures. no. 96 (2018).
________. Islam, modernity and a new millennium: Themes from a critical rationalist reading of Islam. London: Routledge, 2018/ 2019.
________. Methods and Perspectives in Islamic Studies. Londn: ICAS Press, 2020.
Popper, Karl. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Routledge, 2002 [1934, 1959].
________. The Open Society and Its Enemies. London: Routledge, 2002 [1945].
________. The Poverty of Historicism. London: Routledge, 2002 [1945].
________. Conjectures and Refutation. London: Routledge, 2002 [1963].
________. Objective Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979 [1972].
________. The Myth of the Framework. London: Routledge, 1994.
Sinha, D. “Phenomenology and Positivism.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. vol. 23, no. 4 (1963).
Singh, Simon. Fermat’s Last Theorem. London: Fourth Estate, 2002.
The Crisis of the Human Sciences False Objectivity and the Decline of Creativity. Thorsten Botz-Bornstein (ed.). Kuwait: Gulf University for Science & Technology Publications, 2011.
The Universal Turing Machine: A Half-Century Survey. Rolf Herken (ed.) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Trigg, Roger. Reality at Risk. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1990.
How to Cite
Paya علي. 2021. “What and How Can We Learn from the Quran? A Critical Rationalist Perspective”. Tajseer Journal 2 (2). https://doi.org/10.29117/tis.2020.0042.
Section
Articles in Arabic